It continues to contribute to the fight that will lead to its ultimate defeat. E-mail Citation » A comprehensive look at urban warfare from World War II through the US-Iraq War. CIVIC’s dialogue with armed actors, including through scenario based trainings, encourages the adoption of good practices, policies, and procedures to mitigate harm to civilians before, during, and after operations. Urban warfare: Conflict has been moving to populated areas at a frightening pace. Already today, more than half of the world’s violent armed conflicts are taking place in cities, affecting some 50 million people (ICRC, June 2017). The sheer economics of creating the high-tech force of 2025 will preclude us from having the large numbers required to conduct urban warfare the old-fashioned way. A potted history of urban warfare: Stalingrad, 1942-43: Soviet defence of Stalingrad in World War II cost the attacking German army dearly and established the conditions for a Russian counter-offensive that was decisive in the wider context of the war. Armed actors hide themselves among civilian populations, exposing civilians to increasingly dangerous conditions and potential harm. Armed actors are not trained or equipped to fight in urban areas, thus heightening the risk to civilians and civilian objects. The increasing trend of urbanisation is most tangible in developing countries which often do not have the resources to develop the infrastructure and services necessary to match this increase. According to Gen. Milley, “we’re going to have to, as we move forward in the next 10 years, optimize the army for urban warfare.” Battles in open terrain will increasingly be a thing of the past, as vast urbanization in developing countries is driving the majority of the world’s population into cities. Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. To date, NATO has coordinated well over 350 missions to…, Clear messaging from policy declarations and actions signal Moscow is doing its best to assert Russia’s power in a multipolar world. This collection of essays is about contemporary trends in war and warfare, and how they will shape the actions of belligerents in future conflicts. In 2018, the House Armed Services Committee’s Subcommittee on Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities supported the creation of a dedicated urban combat training school. This special report firstly examines the link between repressive policies and the aggravation of the health crisis. 88, March 2019 Urbanization is a relentless trend, and as cities grow and expand, armed conflict and violence are urbanizing as well. Please consider investing now and help build a future free of civilian harm. Urban combat operations may be conducted to capitalize on strategic or tactical advantages associated with the possession or the … By speaking with civilians in conflict-affected areas, we see first-hand the challenges of urban war. Armoured vehicle commonality is not widespread amongst NATO nations. The consensus on increasing population densities and future urbanisation trends demand that urban operations receive more attention in the design of future forces than currently afforded. Armed actors hide themselves among civilian populations, exposing civilians to increasingly … Therefore, the ability to conduct urban operations will be indispensable. Science and Technology Committee (STC) noted its worry “that NATO’s technological edge is eroding”. Israel has amassed significant experience in this area, experts say. The trends of rapid population growth and urbanization in the less developed countries of the world have increased political instability to a tipping point in many spots around the globe. As a result, socio-economic inequalities will rise, as will the risks of instability and conflict with city centres and residential neighbourhoods becoming battlefields (ICRC, May 2017). Urban fighting will be extreme. Military planners and fiction writers are thinking deeply about the future of urban warfare and are postulating what it might look like. Most…, This report argues that Russia’s meddling in elections and referenda is a threat to the Alliance and its members. 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